The Science Behind Beauty School: Hair Texture



You’ve likely heard hair described as straight, wavy or curly, but the salon professional has to know texture above and beyond these descriptions. To give clients the texture designs they love, hair stylists have to get up close and personal with hair texture. Straight texture has multiple straight lines within a form to create unactivated surfaces. A wavy texture has a texture that resembles an “S” pattern. These textures are activated surfaces and can range from fast or slow speed (which is how tight the “S” is.) Curly textures have two textures. One type has an arc and/or loop pattern. The other type has a spiral or corkscrew pattern. Lastly, tightly curled hair is a very tightly coiled “S” or corkscrew pattern. It could also be a zigzag pattern. This is a highly activated surface. That’s a lot more science than you thought, right?


As a hair designer, you’ll use a variety of principles to envision hair designs for clients. Each design principle on its own or in combination with others can create unique, customized hair designs.

Repetition is repeating the same shape and diameter throughout the hair. This is a classic design often seen in perms and can be maintained with a roller set. It’s also seen in chemically straightened hair. Alternation requires different tool diameters and shapes to create a mix of textures. Depending on the degree of difference in the tools, the results can look natural or dramatic. Progression creates a large-to-small or vis versa texture pattern. This is used to emphasize or adjust to different hair lengths. Lastly, there’s contrast, which is an extreme difference in texture positioning. Part may be very curly while another section of hair is designed to be straight, often seen in asymmetrical cuts. Who knew texture played such an important role in cuts and styles? Hair stylists, that’s who!


When it comes to creating hair texture, a common technique is perming. A proper perm relies on patterns, just like a beautiful dress needs a pattern. Successful salon professionals strive to master techniques and skills that will serve them for years to come. To create a successful perm design and make the most efficient use of your time, you need to be able to wrap each perm accurately, swiftly and with manual dexterity.

Five Step Perm Procedure

1) Distribute the hair
2) Section the hair
3) Wrap the hair in rollers
4) Process the hair in perming solution
5) Neutralize the hair with solution

As a hair designer, you’ll have the power to transform your clients’ appearance. Most clients, when they want a change, will ask for more or less volume. Simply expanding or reducing the volume has a big effect on texture and the client’s image. Using your knowledge of cosmetology science and your proficiency with patterns, you can make any type of texture. You have the power as a cosmetologist to completely change a client’s style!

If you’re ready to master the science in cosmetology, book a tour at VICI Beauty School! We can’t wait to meet you.

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